Brabander

Names: 
Audincourt
Brabander
Brabenberg
Kasitzkaja
Kasitzkaya
Kasitzkoje
Kaziskaja
Kozickaja
Kozitskaya
Krasnoarmeiskoye
Аудинкурт
Брабандер
Брабенберг
Козицкое
Казицкая
Kozitskaya
Казицкое
Daughter Colonies: 
History: 

Brabander was founded on 26 June 1767 by colonists recruited by LeRoy & Pictet.

Today, what remains of the colony of Brabander is known as Krasnoarmeiskoye.

Church: 

The original colonists who settled in Brabander were of the Roman Catholic faith practice. Brabander was an independent parish from its founding in 1767.

The first church building in Brabander was constructed of wood in 1768-1770. In 1806, under the leadership of Father Thaddäus Hattowski, a new building was constructed. It was consecrated in 1807. In March 1835, the community petitioned the Office of Immigrant Oversight (the Kontora) for permission to build a new church with a stone foundation. Construction began in 1839 and the new facilty was consecrated on 21 February 1840 and dedicated to the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. A resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Volga dated 14 January 1939 closed the church and abolished the parish. During the Soviet era the building was dismantled.

Pastors & Priests: 

The Catholic parish in Brabander was served by the following priests:

Thaddäus Hattowsky (1803-1807)
Heinrich Guillemaint (1807-1820)
Peter Jacob Rollewitsch (1836-1847)
Joseph Wanner (1867-1871)
Johannes Ungemach (1884)
Adolf Ulrich (1884-1890)
Michael Still
Peter Bach (1901)

Surnames: 
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
123
366
190
176
1769
102
350
183
167
1773
99
351
177
174
1788
68
398
149
148
1798
78
394
198
196
1816
95
530
269
261
1834
147
889
477
412
1850
162
1,200
616
584
1857
156
1,448
740
708
1859
178
1,496
777
719
1883
 
2,171
 
 
1888
323
2,301
1,149
1,152
1897
 
2,369*
1,148
1,221
1908
356
3,764
1,914
1,850
1910
425
3,051
1,484
1,567
1912
 
3,885
 
 
1920
528
3,305
 
 
1922
 
2,640
 
 
1923
 
2,483
 
 
1926
543
2,580**
1,247
1,326
1931
 
3,153***
 
 

*Of whom 2,355 were German.
**Of whom 2,573 (1,247 male & 1,326 female) were German living in 539 households.
***Of whom 3,128 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 348.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 609.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 1 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 1999): 215-242.
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen, Katholischer Teil (Stuttgart, 1980), p. 246.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Church in Brabander.
Source: "Немцы Поволжья" website.

Herrmann Kaufmann mill southwest of Brabander.
Source: Jorgelina Fischer

Herrmann Kaufmann mill located southwest of Brabander.
Source: Jorgelina Fischer.

Brabander mill equipment continues in use after 100 years.
Source: David Karber.

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