Dinkel

Names: 
Dinkel
Oberholstein
Tarlykovka
Tarlykowka
Динкель
Тарлыковка
Tarlikowka
Обергольштейн
Tarlikovka
Ober-Hollstein
History: 

Dinkel was founded on 12 May 1767 by 56 families of colonists recruited by LeRoi & Pictet from Holstein, Württemberg, and Mecklenburg. It was located on the left bank of the Tarlyk River at the point where it enters the Volga River. It was named after Johann Wilhelm Dinkel, the first leader of the colony.

Dinkel was one of the Volga German colonies that was plundered by the Pugachev raiders in 1774.

During the 1921 Famine, 238 people died in Dinkel.

Today, what remains of the former Volga German colony of Dinkel is known as Tarlykovka.

Church: 

The congregation in Dinkel was part of the Warenburg Lutheran Parish which had been established in 1770.

During the first decades, the congregation in Warenburg held worship services in a Bethaus (combination church and school building). The first church, built of wood, was constructed in Warenburg in 1807.

Construction began on a new church building in Dinkel in 1891 in the neo-Gothic style. It was completed in 1894.

By a decree of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Volga Germans on 14 May 1938, the church in the village of Dinkel was closed. At that time, there were still 595 members registered with the parish.

Today, nothing remains of the church in the former colony of Dinkel.

Pastors & Priests: 

The congregation in Dinkel was served by the following pastors:

  • 1785-1788 Friedrich Konrad Strengel
  • 1797-1825 Bernhard Wilhelm Litfass
Notable Individuals: 
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
56
166
 
 
1769
52
173
91
82
1773
47
179
90
89
1788
42
187
89
98
1798
51
271
128
141
1816
54
333
170
163
1834
74
585
290
295
1850
119
900
458
442
1857
113
1,043
526
517
1859
115
1,132
588
544
1871
 
1,565
 
 
1883
 
1,917
 
 
1888
334
1,949
1,004
945
1897
 
1,703*
862
841
1904
 
2,889
 
 
1910
302
3,224
1,594
1,630
1912
 
3,586
 
 
1920
356
2,564
 
 
1922
 
1,709
 
 
1926
315
1,592**
714
878
1931
 
1,864***
 
 

*Of whom 1,669 were German.
**Of whom 1,585 were German (311 households: 708 male & 877 female).
***Of whom 1,850 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 349.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 609.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 1 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 1999): 297-311.
- Pleve, Igor R. The German Colonies on the Volga: The Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, translated by Richard Rye (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2001): 319.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.

Map showing Dinkel - on the right (1935).

Dinkel Lutheran Church built in 1894.
Source: Heimatbuch.

Church in Dinkel.
Source: Jorge Bohn.

School in Dinkel.
Source: Heimatbuch.

Back of Jacob Wilhelm Müller's tombstone at the cemetery in Dinkel. The front and back of the granite tombstone are of Jacob Wilhelm Müller. Jacob was born January 31, 1799 and died 1883.
Source: Sharon While (August 2003).

Hand-drawn map of Dinkel.
Source: Sharon White.

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