Kaneau

Names: 
Andreevka
Andreyevka
Caneau
Kaneau
Kano
Kanskoje
Kanskoye
Андреевка
Кано
Канское
History: 

Kaneau was founded on 7 June 1767 by colonists recruited by Baron Caneau de Beauregard from the regions of Dessau, Isenburg, and Bamberg.

The colony was named in honor of recruiter Baron Caneau de Beauregard. On 26 February 1768, a decree officially recognized its name as Kano (the Russian version of Kaneau).

In 1915, the village was renamed Andreyevka, but returned to Kaneau with the establishment of the Volga German Republic. Again on 2 July 1942, after all the Germans had been deported, it was renamed Andreyevka, and what remains today of the former colony of Kaneau is known as Andreyevka.

Church: 

The colonists who settled in Kaneau were mostly Lutheran; there were a handful of Reformed colonists.

The congregation in Kaneau belonged to the parish of North Katharinenstadt until 1905 when it became part of the parish headquartered in Boisroux.

In the earlier years, the congregation in Kaneau worshiped in the school house. The first wooden church was constructed in 1795. In 1832, a new wooden church was built to accommodate the growing population. The corner stone for the third church structure was laid on 7 July 1885, and the new church was consecrated on 5 July 1887. It could accommodate 800 worshipers. By official order dated 10 July 1936, the church in Kaneau was closed.

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
87
283
140
143
1769
87
310
158
152
1773
66
263
133
130
1788
31
163
97
66
1798
37
229
115
114
1816
45
383
187
196
1834
78
662
340
322
1850
108
826
404
422
1857
102
976
480
496
1859
90
986
493
493
1888
187
1,333
664
669
1891
 
 
 
 
1894
 
 
 
 
1897
 
1,703*
867
836
1904
 
2,303
 
 
1910
235
2,196
1,130
1,066
1912
 
2,494
 
 
1920
284
2,132
 
 
1922
 
1,138
 
 
1923
 
1,121
 
 
1926**
213
1,060
507
553
1931
 
1,714***
 
 

*Of whom 1,692 were German.
**Of whom 1,057 (507 male & 550 female) were German living in 212 households.
***Of whom 1,704 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 348.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists. Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005.
- Klaus, A.A. Our Colonies (Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1869): 2:13; 4:53-54.
- List of the Populated Places of the Samara Province (Samara, Russia, 1910): 261.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 614.
- Preliminary Totals of the All-Union Population Census of 1926 for the Volga German ASSR (Pokrovsk, Russia, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.
- Stumpp, Karl. Die Auswanderung aus Deutschland nach Rußland in den Jahren 1763 bis 1862 (Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Rußland, 2004): 71.

Latitude: 49.669167
Longitude: 9.640556
Latitude: 48.273056
Longitude: 8.850556
Latitude: 52.918868
Longitude: 10.127181
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Longitude: 11.973736
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Longitude: 8.915000
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Longitude: 12.595556
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Longitude: 12.406944
Latitude: 51.799167
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Latitude: 51.799167
Longitude: 12.406944
Latitude: 49.247500
Longitude: 8.723889
Latitude: 50.620783
Longitude: 8.610331
Latitude: 50.504281
Longitude: 8.938125
Latitude: 50.504281
Longitude: 8.938125
Latitude: 50.504281
Longitude: 8.938125

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