Langenfeld

Names: 
Krestnyi
Langenfeld
Verkhnaya Yeruslan
Крестный
Лангенфельд
Верхний Еруслан
History: 

Langenfeld was founded in 1859 [although there appear to have been families living there before 1859] across the river from Krasny-Kut by colonists resettling from the Bergseite colonies of Walter, Frank, Shcherbakovka, Dietel, Hussenbach, Huck, Kolb, and Norka.

Following the anti-German sentiment of World War I, Langenfeld was known by the name of Krestnyi after 1915.  This name means godfather in Russian.

Today what remains of Langenfeld is known as Verkhnaya Yeruslan.

Original Settlers

The original settlers of Langenfeld included the following families:

Bazen from Hussenbach
Bastron from Frank
Bierig from Dietel
Blasius from Frank
Boleks from Hussenbach
Brehm from Norka
Bruhn from Norka
Deckert from Hussenbach
Dehl from Walter
Dörr from Norka
Ehlenberger from Frank
Griess from Norka
Grün from Norka
Hamburger from Norka
Hein from Frank
Heitzenräder from Frank
Hemmel from Hussenbach
Hill from Walter
Hoffmann from Frank
Hoffmann from Hussenbach
Jakobÿ from Frank
Keib from Hussenbach
Klein from Frank
Koch from Kolb
Kraft from Shcherbakovka
Lais from Hussenbach
Lapp from Frank
Liphardt from Norka
Lutz from Frank
Müller from Dietel
Neu from Huck
Pfeiff from Frank
Pister from Frank
Rothenberger from Hussenbach
Schäfer from Hussenbach
Seder from Norka
Sening from Hussenbach
Simon from Hussenbach
Stroh from Frank
Suppes from Hussenbach
Uffelman from Hussenbach
Urbach from Norka
Vogel from Dietel
Vogel from Walter
Wagner from Frank

Church: 

The original settlers in Langenfeld were Lutheran and Reformed. A few Baptist families also lived in Langenfeld.

A Lutheran congregation was established in Langenfeld. It was originally served by a pastor who came from the colony of Warenburg. In 1865, the congregation was transfered to the parish of Eckheim, and the pastor from there served the members in Langenfeld.

There was no dedicated church building in the colony. The parishoners worshiped in the Bethaus (a combined church/school building) which had been constructed when the colony was founded. A new Bethaus was built of wood in 1899. There was also a Baptist Bethaus in the colony.

Following a decree of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Volga Germans that was issued on 26 April 1935, the Lutheran Bethaus in Langenfeld was closed, and the building was used thereafter solely as a school.

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1850
 
 
 
 
1857
 
 
 
 
1859
25
347
177
170
1872
 
636
 
 
1888
166
730
377
353
1894
 
 
 
 
1897
 
812*
396
416
1905
 
1,270
 
 
1910
164
1,360
708
652
1912
 
1,300
 
 
1920
156**
894
 
 
1922
 
666
 
 
1926***
176
842
400
442
1931
 
874
 
 

*Of whom 805 were German.
**Of which 155 households were German.
***Of whom 831 (395 male & 436 female) were German living in 173 households.

Sources: 

- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Klaus, A. Our colony [in Russian] (St. Petersburg, 1869): II:16.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 312.
- List of populated areas of the Samara Province [in Russian] (Samara, 1910): 350.
- Preliminary Results of the All-Union Census of 1926 and ASSR Volga Germans (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 16.

Map showing Langenfeld (1935).

Latitude: 48.637222
Longitude: 9.131667
Latitude: 49.861944
Longitude: 7.513056
Latitude: 49.838495
Longitude: 6.477153
Latitude: 50.279167
Longitude: 8.771111
Latitude: 50.676111
Longitude: 8.861389
Latitude: 50.512500
Longitude: 9.432500
Latitude: 50.343889
Longitude: 9.210556
Latitude: 50.345883
Longitude: 9.081997
Latitude: 48.783333
Longitude: 9.183333
Latitude: 51.512500
Longitude: 10.259722
Latitude: 50.374500
Longitude: 9.084300
Latitude: 50.314722
Longitude: 9.331389
Latitude: 49.723872
Longitude: 8.956534
Latitude: 50.385278
Longitude: 9.196944
Latitude: 50.310305
Longitude: 9.090287
Latitude: 50.604219
Longitude: 9.147567
Latitude: 50.019118
Longitude: 8.695494
Latitude: 50.425675
Longitude: 9.891911
Latitude: 49.255257
Longitude: 9.162438
Latitude: 50.095636
Longitude: 8.776084
Latitude: 50.924264
Longitude: 8.604262
Latitude: 49.410354
Longitude: 9.611605
Latitude: 49.847703
Longitude: 7.489193
Latitude: 50.477356
Longitude: 8.580998
Latitude: 50.450000
Longitude: 9.916667
Latitude: 50.286296
Longitude: 9.111384
Latitude: 49.915654
Longitude: 8.892577
Latitude: 50.534090
Longitude: 9.387404

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