Marienberg

Names: 
Besuk
Beziok
Bisiuk
Bizyuk
Krestovskiy
Marienberg
Peschanoye
Мариенберг
Песчаное
Крестовский
Бизюк
History: 

In 1855, Marienberg was founded by colonists from Rothammel, Sewald, Husaren, Semenovka, Schuck, Kamenka, and Degott.

Immigration began in 1876 and from 1876-1878, 79 colonists left for America.

Church: 

Marienberg was a Roman Catholic daughter colony. It belonged to the parish headquartered in Streckerau until 1903 when it became an independent parish with a resident priest. The church was built in Marienberg in 1877.

According to Dr. William Wiest, who visited Marienberg in 1993, the local people tell a story of the church being slammed by trucks and tanks in the Soviet era, but it would not fall.

Pastors & Priests: 

The parish in Marienberg was served by the following priests:

Georg Dechand (1870-1873)
Johannes Falkenstein (1914-1918)

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1857
 
 
 
 
1859
52
403
198
205
1883
 
1,623
 
 
1889
 
1,908
 
 
1891
 
 
 
 
1894
 
 
 
 
1897
 
2,385*
1,157
1,228
1905
 
3,187
 
 
1910
469
3,229
1,636
1,593
1912
 
3,310
 
 
1920
487
2,659
 
 
1922
 
1,340
 
 
1923
 
1,500
 
 
1926**
392
1,891
914
977
1931
 
2,084***
 
 

*Of whom 2,332 were German.
**Of whom 1,882 (906 male & 976 female) were German living in 387 households.
***Of whom 2,059 were German.

Sources: 

- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.Dietz, Jacob E. History of the Volga German Colonists (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2005): 241.
- Klaus, A. Our Colony [in Russian] (St. Petersburg, 1869).
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 17.

Map showing Marienberg (1935).

One of many iron crosses remaining in the German cemetery in Marienberg (2006).
Source: Steve Schreiber.

Church ruins and farmer's home are all that remain of Marienberg (2007).
Source: Valery Taboyakov.

Marienberg Church in 2006.
Photo courtesy of Steve Schreiber.

Front entrance of the Marienberg Church in 2006

Interior of the Marienberg Church in 2006

A fading mural of Joseph leading Mary and baby on a donkey inside the Marienberg Church.

Architectural rendering of the Roman Catholic Church in Marienberg. Source: wolgadeutsche.net

Sketch of the Roman Catholic Church in Marienberg. Source: wolgadeutsche.net

Map of Marienberg.
Source: Gary Nevard.

Satellite view of the former colony of Marienberg with locations identified by Gary & Brenda Nevard.
Source: Jorge Bohn.

Immigration Locations