Marienfeld

Names: 
Marienfeld
Novonikolayevka
Spatzen-Chutor
Spatzenkhutor
Мариенфельд
Николаевское
Шпац
Шпаценхутор
Ней-Авилово
Spatz
Новая Авилова
Новая Николаевка
Новый
Neu-Avilovo
Novaya Avilova
Novaya Nikolayevka
Daughter Colonies: 
History: 

The daughter colony of Marienfeld was founded in 1852.       

During the Bolshevik revolution in the Summer of 1918, a call went out to the farmers of the Volga colonies in the area of Marienfeld to join in defense against the approaching Bolshevik army. They did manage to capture a passing train, but were soon overpowered by the Bolshevik army approaching from the south. The farmers were overcome by the army, and the colony of Marienfeld was torched by the "Reds" (Bolsheviks) in 1918.

Church: 

Marienfeld was founded as a Roman Catholic colony. Saint Rochus Catholic Church was constructed in Marienfeld. It was destroyed in 1918 during the burning of Marienfeld by the Bolshevik army.

Pastors & Priests: 

The parish in Marienfeld was served by the following priests:

Nikolaus Maier (1901-1905)
Franz Rauh (1914-1918)

Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1857
 
 
 
 
1859
71
664
345
319
1886
 
1,052
 
 
1890
 
1,335
696
639
1894
134
580
241
339
1897
 
1,377*
692
685
1905
 
1,487
787
700
1911
 
1,738
 
 
1912
 
2,200
 
 
1920
338**
2,054
 
 
1922
 
1,754
 
 
1926
361
2,027
970
1,057
1931
 
2,315***
 
 

*Of whom 1,376 were German.
**Of which 336 households were German.
***Of whom 2,252 were German.

Sources: 

- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 311.
- Mink, A.N. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of the Saratov Province [in Russian] (Saratov, Russia, 1898): 606-609.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- Rempfer, Michael (trans.). "The White Red Train: Experiences of a German Russian Farmer in 1918" GRHS News (Summer 2014).
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen, Katholischer Teil (Stuttgart: Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Russland, 1980): 245.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.

Map showing Marienfeld (1935).

"Community Center" in the former daughter colony of Marienfeld.
Source: Vladimir Kakorin via Ted Gerk.

Latitude: 51.666667
Longitude: 7.616667
Latitude: 53.735833
Longitude: 18.930833
Latitude: 51.066667
Longitude: 11.116667
Latitude: 49.048889
Longitude: 7.756111
Latitude: 50.103736
Longitude: 9.104747
Latitude: 49.545800
Longitude: -1.577800
Latitude: 51.212778
Longitude: 11.769722
Latitude: 48.856700
Longitude: 2.350800
Latitude: 50.591111
Longitude: 9.504444
Latitude: 48.133333
Longitude: 11.566667
Latitude: 49.631944
Longitude: 8.365278
Latitude: 49.442778
Longitude: 6.360278
Latitude: 49.611789
Longitude: 8.774939
Latitude: 49.742222
Longitude: 8.173333
Latitude: 49.643561
Longitude: 8.456351
Latitude: 50.300000
Longitude: 8.266667
Latitude: 49.966660
Longitude: 9.150000
Latitude: 49.966660
Longitude: 9.150000
Latitude: 50.049722
Longitude: 9.705556
Latitude: 49.985418
Longitude: 6.895338
Latitude: 49.421829
Longitude: 7.990619
Latitude: 49.688255
Longitude: 8.350600
Latitude: 50.043701
Longitude: 8.971134
Latitude: 50.216667
Longitude: 9.350000
Latitude: 49.813163
Longitude: 9.039460
Latitude: 49.414146
Longitude: 7.570905
Latitude: 49.618062
Longitude: 9.594612
Latitude: 50.202829
Longitude: 9.185764
Latitude: 49.800004
Longitude: 7.900414
Latitude: 50.044870
Longitude: 9.999474

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