Dovsunskaya, Stavropol Krai (North Caucasus)

Includes the following communities: 
Karlsruhe (North Caucasus)
Dovsunskaya, Stavropol Krai (North Caucasus)
Johannesheim (North Caucasus)
Wilhelmshöhe (North Caucasus)
Hermannsburg (North Caucasus)
Довсунское (North Caucasus)
Довсун (North Caucasus)
Dovsun (North Caucasus)
Карлсруэ (North Caucasus)
Вильгельмсгее (North Caucasus)
Германсбург (North Caucasus)
Иоганнесгейм (North Caucasus)
Прогресс (North Caucasus)
Progress, Stavropol Krai, Russia
Dowsunskoje (North Caucasus)
History: 

The village of Dovsunskaya, located about 153 kilometers east of Stavropol, was founded 19 June 1879 [some sources record 1880] by Volga Germans from the Saratov & Samara Provinces and Black Sea Germans from the Tauride, Yekaterinoslav, & Kherson Provinces.

Pastor Treifeldt was an early leader of this community which consisted of 4 hamlets: Wilhelmshöhe, Hermannsburg, Johannesheim, and Karlsruhe. These were originally independent villages, but were unified in the 1920s.

As of 1889, there were 2 Lutheran churches [Bethaus] located in these 4 hamlets along with a parochial school. By 1898, ther were 3 churches and 3 parochial schools.

A survey of 1903 reported 3 Lutheran schools, 5 mills (1 steam, 1 horse-drawn, and 3 windmills), an oil mill, and 10 shops. As of 1909, there were 4 churches and 3 schools among the hamlets.

During the 1880s and 1890s there several locust attacks and one crop wiped out by hail. In 1892, there was acholera epidemic in the village which killed 75 people.

During the Soviet Era, collective farms were created in this area, four of which were inhabited by Germans.

In September 1941, the German population of Dovsunskaya was deported to Siberia and Kazakhstan.

In 1966, this village was officially disbanded and what little remains of it is known today as Progress.

 

Population

Year
Households
 
Population
Total
Male
Female
1880
10
62
 
 
1889 311 1,697    
1893 210 1,176    
1897 227 1,974*    
1898 284 2,091    
1902   2,849    
1903 374 2,294    
1909 468 4,527    
1915   3,964    
1920   3,437    
1925 546 3,069    
1926   2,927**    
1929   3,434***    

*Of whom 1,891 were Germans.
**Of whom 2,700 were Germans.
***Of whom 3,156 were Germans.

Volga German Families: 

The following Volga German families settled in and around Karlsruhe:

Freund from Philippsfeld
Lesser from Frank
Schander from Basel
Schilling from Hussenbach
Simon from Warenburg
Widicke from Philippsfeld

Sources: 

- Giesinger, Adam. From Catherine to Khruschev (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1974): 136.

Pre-Volga Origin

Map of the village of Dovsknskaya. The 4 blocks indicate the 4 hamlets of
Wilhelmshöhe, Hermannsburg, Johannesheim, and Karlsruhe. (1889)
Source: Wikipedia Commons.

Volga Colonies

Latitude: 50.595090
Longitude: 10.300612
Latitude: 51.385833
Longitude: 8.505000
Latitude: 49.623974
Longitude: 8.760183
Latitude: 50.992698
Longitude: 9.451937