Bickelhaupt / Pickelhaupt

Spelling Variations: 
Bickelhaupt
Pickelhaupt
Пикелгауптъ
Settled in the Following Colonies: 
Pre-Volga Origin: 
Discussion & Documentation: 

Johann Heinrich Bickelhaub & Elisabetha Catharina Burger had 2 children whose births are recorded in the parish register of Gronau: (1) Johann Dieterich Bickelhaub, born 6 February 1756; (2) Sophia, born 10 May 1759.

Johann Heinrich Bickelhaub died, and Elisabetha Catharina remarried on 27 May 1766 in Gronau to Johann Georg Albert, son of Johann Peter Albert & Margaretha Hess. Johann Georg Albert had been born in Gronau on 17 May 1744.

Johann Albert, a farmer, his wife Elisabeth, and children (Johann, age 10; Sophia, age 7) arrived from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 12 September 1766 aboard the English frigate Love & Unity under the command of Skipper Thomas Fairfax.

Peter Albert, his wife Elisabeth, and [step-]children (Diedrich [Pickelhaupt], age 12; Margaretha [Pickelhaupt], age 10) are recorded on the list of colonists being transported from St. Petersburg to Saratov in 1767.

The combined Albert / Bickelhaub family are recorded on an appendix to the 1767 census of Warenburg in Household No. 112. The two Bickelhaub children are recorded there in error under the surname Burger - their mother's maiden name.

Dieterich Pickelhaupt is recorded on the 1798 census of Kind in Household Kd09, his sister in Household Kd17, and their once again widowed mother in Household Kd18.

The spelling of this surname is also recorded in Gronau and Reichelsheim (where his father was born) as Beckelhaupt and Buckelhaupt. In the United States, the family has also used Pickelhaupt.

Sources: 

- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Kd09.
- Parish records for Gronau (LDS Films No. 1195091 & 1195092).
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 371.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766 (Saratov: State Technical University, 2010): #5477.
- Rauschenbach, Georg. Deutsche Kolonisten auf dem Weg von St. Petersburg nach Saratow: Transportlisten von 1766-1767 (Moscow: G.V. Rauschenbach, 2017): #3119-3122.

Contributor(s) to this page: 

Brent Mai

Bill Pickelhaupt

Immigrated to the following locations: 

Pre-Volga Origin

Volga Colonies

Immigration Locations