Jean Debute was born in approximately 1791, probably in France. He served in Napoleon's army and fought against the Russians. He was captured by the Russians, and in 1812, was settled in the Volga German colony of Rohleder.
In 1817, he relocated to the colony of Wittmann.
Johann Debute from Rohleder and his family are recorded on the 1834 census of Wittmann in Household No. 104.
- 1834 Rohleder Census (Household No. 78).
- 1834 Wittmann Census (Household No. 104).
- Belousov, S.V. "Prisoners of war of Napoleon's army in the Volga region: the arrangement, content, relationships with the local population." Bulletin of the Samara State University, No. 1 (Samara, Russia: Samara State University, 2006): 48-55.