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Discussion & Documentation: 

Johann [Hartmann] Freihöfer, a weaver (Weber), his wife Elisabeth, and son Johann (age 1½) arrived from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 9 August 1766 aboard the pink Novaya Dvinka under the command of Lieutenant Perepechin.

They settled in the Volga German colony of Müller on 16 August 1767 and are recorded there on the 1767 census in Household No. 37. They had an additional son named Johannes who is born in approximately 1770. He died in 1824 with no known surviving male descendants, so this surname does not continue among the Volga German colonies.

The Oranienbaum passenger list records that Johann Freihöfer came from the German region of Darmstadt while the 1767 census records that he came from the German village of Alsfeld.

Plehve's translation of the 1767 census erroneously records this surname as Pfeifner.


- 1834 Census of Müller (No. 83).
- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Ml21.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 3 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2005): 184.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #3881.


Brent Mai

Pre-Volga Origin

Volga Colonies