Gradwohl / Gratwohl
Georg Gradwohl, a saddle maker (Sattler), and his wife, Maria Barbara, arrived from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 8 August 1766 aboard the snow-brig Der Merkur under the command of Skipper Johann Heinrich Abelmann.
They settled in the Volga German colony of Kautz on 20 July 1767. They are recorded there on the 1767 census in Household No. 11.
In 1794, Daniel Gradwohl moved from Kautz to Hussenbach.
The 1767 census records that the Gradwohl family came from the German village of Ottenheim in the Pfalz.
- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Hs136, Kz15, Kz16, Mv1258.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet 1764-1767 Band 2 (Goettingen: Der Göttinger Arbeitskreis; 2001): 335.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #3342.