There are two Hammerschmidt families that settled in the Volga German colony of Zug. They arrived together from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 12 September 1766 aboard an English frigate under the command of Skipper Adam Beerfeier.
(1) Zacharius Hammerschmidt, a farmer [the Oranienbaum passenger list records that he was a miller (Müller)], and his family are recorded on an appendix to the 1767 census of Kaneau in Household No. 14. In 1771, widow Wilhelmina Hammerschmidt and her children moved from Zug to Schönchen. In 1773, Johann Reinhardt Hammerschmidt moved from Zug to Wittmann. In 1789, Heinrich Hammerschmidt moved from Zug to Luzern.
(2) Anton Hammerschmidt, a farmer, and his family are recorded on an appendix to the 1767 census of Kaneau in Household No. 16. In 1782, Nikolaus Hammerschmidt moved from Zug to Schönchen.
The Oranienbaum passenger list records that these Hammerschmidt families came from the Köln region while the 1767 census records that they came from the German village of Rödern.
- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Lz24, Sn20, Wm18, Zg11, Zg33, Mv3052, Mv3048, Mv3059, Mv3065.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 266.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #4768, #4769.