Kraus (Stahl am Karaman)
There are 3 Kraus families recorded on the 1767 census that are presumed to be related because they all came from the German region of Dienheim and because once they got to Russia, they moved back and forth together between the colonies of Dönhof (on the Bergseite) and Stahl am Karaman (on the Wiesenseite).
(1) Johann Kraus (age 28) , a farmer, his wife Anna, son Adam (age not recorded), and mother Anna arrived from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 8 August 1766.
They settled in the Volga German colony of Stahl am Karaman on 22 June 1767 and are recorded there on the 1767 census in Household No. 43 along with the orphaned siblings Johann Schnerr (age 13) and Michael Schnerr (age 8) who had arrived in Oranienbaum on the same ship. The 1767 census does not record a relationship between the Kraus and Schneer families.
Both the Oranienbaum passenger list and the 1767 census record that Johann Kraus came from the German region of Dienheim.
(2) Adam Kraus (age 25), a farmer, his wife Margaretha, and brothers (Burkhard, age 21; Johann Kaspar, age 16; Johannes, age 13) are recorded on the 1767 census of Stahl am Karaman in household No. 37. They had settled there on 22 June 1767.
The widow of Burghardt Kraus and her son Wilhelm (age 20) are recorded on the 1798 census of Schilling in Household No. Sg003 along with a note that Wilhelm has lived in the colony of Dönhof since childhood.
The 1767 census records that Adam Kraus came from the German region of Dienheim.
(3) Jakob Kraus (age 32), a farmer, and his wife Dorothea settled in the Volga German colony of Stahl am Karaman on 22 June 1767. They are recorded there on the 1767 census in Household No. 49.
The 1767 census records that Jakob Kraus came from the German region of Dienheim.
- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Dh005, Dh052, Sk08, Sg003, Sk10, Sk26.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 200, 202, 203.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #2994.