Bernhard Kunkel from Umstadt & Anna Elisabetha Ruchling, daughter of Conrad Ruchling, were married in Langendiebach on 15 June 1740. Among their children were (1) Johannes, born 13 December 1742, baptized 16 December 1742; and (2) Johann Caspar, born 8 March 1745, baptized 10 March 1745.
These two sons arrived from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 8 August 1766 and settled in the Volga German colony of Kutter.
(1) Kaspar Kunkel, a single farmer, arrived in Kutter on 8 July 1767 and is recorded on the 1767 census there in Household No. 10 along with his new wife Barbara [Dietz].
(2) Johannes Kunkel, a farmer, and his wife Anna settled in Kutter on 16 August 1767 and are recorded there on the 1767 census in Household No. 71.
In 1790, Konrad Kunkel and his family (related to one of the above families?) moved from Kutter to Lauwe.
The Oranienbaum passenger list and the 1767 census record that both of these Kunkel families came from the German district of Isenburg.
- Decker, Klaus-Peter. Die Auswanderung von 1766/67 aus der Grafschaft Ysenburg-Büdingen nach Russland ( Büdingen: Geschichtswerkstatt Büdingen, 2015): 145.
- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Kt20, Lw19, Mv1467.
- Parish register of Langendiebach.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 478, 493.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #3168, #3177.