Johann Wilhelm Machleit (spelled Macheleuth in the Amt Zwingenberg Mannschaftsregister) was born about 1727 in Zwingenberg, south of Darmstadt, the second son of Johann Valentin Macheleuth. It was noted in records there that he left secretly, and without permission departed for Russia in 1766, taking one son and one daughter, and leaving two daughters behind.
Widower Johann Machleid and his son Johann (age 12) arrived from Lübeck at the port in Oraninenbaum on 12 September 1766 aboard the Love & Unity under the command of Thomas Fairfax.
Joh.Wilhelm Machleid, his [new] wife Catharina, and son Joh. Adam (age 12) are recorded on the list of colonists being transported from St. Petersburg to Saratov in 1767.
Wilhelm Machleit, a farmer, his wife Katharina, and children (Johann Adam, age 15; Sophia Elisabeth, age 3-months) are recorded on an appendix tothe 1767 census of Paulskaya in Household No. 4.
They are recorded on the 1798 census of Kind in Household No. Kd13.
The Oranienbaum passenger list records that Johann Machleid came from the German region of Hessen. The 1767 census records that Wilhelm Machleit came from the German village of Schwindeberg [?].
- Kirschnick, Ulrich. Amt Zwingenberg/Bergstrasse Mannschaftsregister von 1771 (Darmstadt, 1992).
- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Kd13, Bs35.
- Mai, Brent Alan, trans. & ed. Transport of the Volga Germans from Oranienbaum to the Colonies on the Volga: 1766-1767 (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1998): entries 1047-1049.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 3 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2005): 353.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #5362.
- Rauschenbach, Georg. Deutsche Kolonisten auf dem Weg von St. Petersburg nach Saratow: Transportlisten von 1766-1767 (Moscow: G.V. Rauschenbach, 2017): #2918-2920.