Spelling Variations: 
Settled in the Following Colonies: 
Discussion & Documentation: 

There are two Rüffer (Rieffer) families that arrived from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 4 July 1766 aboard the English frigate Love & Unity under the command of Skipper Thomas Fairfax. Both of them settled in the Volga German colony of Nieder-Monjou on 7 June 1767.

(1) Johann Melchior Rüffer, son of Johann Peter & Anna Maria Rüffer, was baptized 3 May 1746 in Wallroth. Melchior, a single farmer, is recorded on the 1767 census of Nieder-Monjou in Household No. 4. The 1767 census records that Melchior Rieffer came from the German village of Wellerode.

(2) Johann Rüffer, a farmer, is recorded on the 1767 census of Nieder-Monjou in Household No. 95.The 1767 census records that Johann Heinrich Riffer came from the German village of Rheinbach. The Oranienbaum passenger list records that he came from the German region of Hanau.

Research by Ernst Müller-Marschhausen reports that both of these families came from the German village of Wallroth. Karl Becker confirms this.


- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Nm08, Nm59.
- Müller-Marschhausen, Ernst. “Russland-Auswanderer aus dem Bergwinkel um 1766 und die Spurensuche nach ihrer Rückkehr im 20. Jahrhundert.” [Online]
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 3 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2005): 186, 205.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #1516, #1517.


Karl Becker

Brent Mai

Entry from the Wallroth parish register recording the baptism of Johann Melchior Rüffer on 3 May 1746.
Source: Karl Becker.

Entry from the Nieder-Monjou parish register recording the birth on 21 March 1794 of Johann Adam, son Melchior Rüffer and his wife Anna Kunigunde Rüb.
Source: Karl Becker.

Pre-Volga Origin

Volga Colonies