Schmidt (Köhler-2)*

Spelling Variations: 
Schmidt (Köhler-2)*
Шмитъ (Köhler-2)*
Settled in the Following Colonies: 
Discussion & Documentation: 

The parish register of Salmünster records on 6 February 1758 the marriage of Christoph Schmitt from Romsthal to Elisabeth Wigand from Salmünster.

Their baptism of their daughter Maria Martha Schmitt is recorded on the Salmünster parish register on 23 November 1758. She had been born in Romsthal.

Christoph Schmidt, a wheelwright (Wagenbauer), his wife Maria Elisabeth, and daughter Maria Martha (age 7) arrived from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 9 August 1766 aboard the pink Novaya Dvinka under the command of Lieutenant Perepechin.

They settled in the Volga German colony of Köhler on 21 August 1767 and are recorded there on the 1767 census in Household No. 56.

Widower Christoph Schmidt is recorded on the 1798 census of Köhler in Household No. Kl48 along with a note that he is living with his brother in Hildmann.

The Oranienbaum passenger list records that Christoph Schmidt came from Austria while the 1767 census records that he came from the German village of Salmünster.

There are no known surviving male lines of this Schmidt family among the Volga German colonies.


- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Kl48.
- Müller-Marschhausen, Ernst. “Russland-Auswanderer aus dem Bergwinkel um 1766 und die Spurensuche nach ihrer Rückkehr im 20. Jahrhundert.” [Online]
- Parish register of Salmünster.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Der Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 373.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #3852.

Contributor(s) to this page: 

Max Weinbinder

Brent Mai

Entry in the parish register of Salmünster recording the marriage of Christoph Schmitt and Elisabeth Wigand on 6 February 1758.
Source: Max Weinbinder.

Entry in the parish register of Salmünster recording the baptism of Maria Martha Schmitt on 23 November 1758.
Source: Max Weinbinder.

Pre-Volga Origin

Volga Colonies