Spelling Variations: 
Settled in the Following Colonies: 
Discussion & Documentation: 

Michael Schwed, a farmer, his wife Eva, and daughter Anna [Margaretha] (age 17) arrived from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 8 August 1766.

They settled in the Volga German colony of Pfeifer on 22 August 1767. Michael is recorded there on the 1767 census along with his new wife and her daughter.

Daughter Anna Margaretha Schwed is recorded on the 1767 census of Pfeifer in Household No. 79 as the 18-year-old widow of [Sebastian] Breit whose parents are recorded in Household No. 77. Anna Margaretha will later marry Nikolaus Jakob who is recorded as a widower on the 1767 census of Pfeifer in Household No. 106. She is recorded as the widow of Nikolaus Jakob on the 1798 census of Pfeifer in Household No. Pf85.

The 1798 census of Pfeifer records that Michael's son Andreas is working at the mill in the colony of Hildmann.

The Oranienbaum passenger list records that Michael Schwed came from the German region of Köln while the 1767 census records that he came from the German region of Bonn.


- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga: Economy, Population, and Agriculture (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Pf10, Pf85.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 3 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2005): 397.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766 (Saratov: State Technical University, 2010): #4113.


Brent Mai

Volga Colonies