Gareis, Adam

Profession: 
Clergy
Biography: 

Father Gareis was born in 1885/1887 in the Volga German colony of Köhler.

He studied theology at the Catholic Seminary in Saratov and was ordained in 1911. He served the parishes of Sewald and Husaren. He also served a parish in Kazakhstan before returning to the Volga where he served again in Husaren from 1925 to 1929. In 1929, he began serving the parish of Pfeifer.

On 2 February 1930 he was arrested and accused of participation in a conspiracy with other members of the German Catholic clergy. On 6 June 1931, following a trial by a secret police court, he was sentenced to three years in a labor camp. This sentence was converted to a prison term and he was exiled to the prison in Tambov. In December 1934, he was arrested and again accused of being involved with the Catholic clergy conspiracy group. Following conviction during a secret trial that took place from 16-19 November 1935, he was sent to the Medveshya Gora concentration camp in the Kirov Region to work on the Baltic-White Sea Canal. He was sent there along with Alexander Staub, Josef Beilmann, and Josef Werbizkij.

On 10 August 10 1937, he was again arrested and transferred to prison. On 2 September 1937, according to the Resolution of the Special Troika of the NKVD in the Leningrad Region, he was sentenced to the death penalty. On 10 September 1937 was executed in the Sandarmokh tract near Medvezhyegorsk.

Source(s): 

- Gareis Adam (wolgadeutsche.ru) [Online]
- Kurt Reinelt, Lebensbilder russlanddeutscher Märtyrer: Bischöfe und Priester; posted by the Germans from Russia Heritage Collection, North Dakota State University Libraries.
- Schnurr, Joseph. Die Kirchen und das Religiöse Leben der Russlanddeutschen - Katholischer Teil (Stuttgart, 1980), p. 369.

Volga Colonies: