Lauwe

Names: 
Jablonowka
Laube
Lauwe
Yablonovka
Лауве
Лаубе
Яблоновка
History: 

Lauwe was founded on 19 August 1767 by colonists recruited by LeRoy & Pictet. The original 41 families were from Nüremberg, Baden, Darmstadt, Neu-Isenburg, the Palatinate, the Rheinland, Saxony, and Brandenberg. Lauwe was named in honor of its first leader, Johann Lauwe.

Lauwe was one of the villages that was looted during the 1774 uprising by Pugachev.

During the famine in 1921, there were 94 people who died in Lauwe.

On 5 June 1942, the name of the Volga German former colony of Lauwe was changed to Yablonovka, and this is the name used today by those who live in what little remains of the former colony.

Church: 

Most of the original founders of Lauwe were Lutheran; there were a few Roman Catholic colonists.

Until 1821, the Lutheran congregation in Lauwe was part of the Warenburg parish. In 1821, it became part of the parish headquartered in Kukkus where the pastor lived.

During the early decades, there was a Bethaus (prayer house) in the colony that served as both a school and a church.

In 1829, a church building was constructed out of wood. In 1893, a new church was built in the Kontor style. Over time, there was also a Catholic prayer house and a Baptist prayer house located in the colony.

According to the Central Executive Committee of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Volga Germans, the church in Lauwe was dismantled in 1931 and its materials used for the construction of houses. Worship services were then held in a wooden prayer house, but that was closed by a decree of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Volga Germans at the end of 1934.

Notable Individuals: 
Population: 
Year
Households
Population
Total
Male
Female
1767
58
169
 
 
1769
41
152
76
76
1773
47
179
90
89
1788
40
165
86
79
1798
43
244
140
104
1816
51
540
256
284
1834
69
600
297
303
1850
103
927
456
471
1857
116
1,059
523
536
1859
105
1,103
558
545
1888
211
1,548
790
758
1891
 
 
 
 
1897
 
1,695*
845
850
1904
 
2,412    
1908
221
2,592
1,304
1,288
1910
204
2,588
1,279
1,309
1912
 
2,680
 
 
1920
256**
1,968
 
 
1922
 
1,730
 
 
1926***
293
1,639
770
869
1931
 
1,850****
 
 

*Of whom 1,654 were German.
**Of which 255 households were German.
***Of whom 1,607 were German (286 households: 755 male & 852 female).
****Of whom 1,818 were German.

Sources: 

- Beratz, Gottieb. The German colonies on the Lower Volga, their origin and early development: a memorial for the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first German settlers on the Volga, 29 June 1764. Translated by Adam Giesinger (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1991): 351.
- Diesendorf, V.F. Die Deutschen Russlands : Siedlungen und Siedlungsgebiete : Lexicon. Moscow, 2006.
- Orlov, Gregorii. Report of Conditions of Settlements on the Volga to Catherine II, 14 February 1769.
- Pallas, P.S. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Theil 3,2, Reise aus Sibirien zurueck an die Wolga im 1773sten Jahr (St. Petersburg: Kaiserl. Academie der Wissenschaften, 1776): 609.
- Preliminary Results of the Soviet Census of 1926 on the Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Pokrovsk, 1927): 28-83.
- "Settlements in the 1897 Census." Journal of the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia (Winter, 1990): 18.

Map showning Lauwe (1935).

Street scene in Lauwe (1930s).
Source: Bauer Family via "Немцы Поволжья" website.

Wedding in Lauwe in 1910.
Source: unknown.

Latitude: 49.486389
Longitude: 8.533333
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