The first Volga Germans settled in Oklahoma in 1891 from Kansas. A larger wave of migration came in 1892 with the opening of the Cheyenne and Arapahoe reservations to settlement. The 1893 opening of the Cherokee Strip also brought resettling Volga German families. By 1920, Sallet reports that there were more than 4,000 Evangelical and 30 Catholic Volga Germans of the first and second generation settled in Oklahoma.


- Egan, Timothy. The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2006): 67-69.
- Hale, Douglas. The Germans from Russia in Oklahoma. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.
- Koch, Fred C. The Volga Germans: In Russia and the Americas, from 1763 to the Present (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977): 215.
- Sallet, Richard. Russian-German Settlement in the United States (Fargo, ND: North Dakota Institute for Regional Studies, 1974): 112.