Grün(e)wald (Frank / Meinhard)
There are two Grünwald families from Groß-Felda that migrated to the Volga German colonies. Their relationship to each other, if any, needs further research.
(1) Johann Kaspar Grünwald, son of Hans Kasper Grünwald & Anna Elisabeth Scharmann, was born 4 February 1723 in Groß-Felda. He married on 12 August 1744 to Anna Katharina Eisfelder, daughter of Johann Conrad Eisfelder & Anna Catharina Dietz. She was born 17 May 1718.
Johann Kaspar Grünwald, a blacksmith, his wife Anna Katharina, and children (Johann Kaspar, age 21; Katharina Elisabeth, age 18; Anna Dorothea, age 12; Johann Kaspar (again), age 10; Katharina, age 7) arrived from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 13 September 1766 aboard the galliot Die Perle under the command of Skipper Thomson.
Johann Casper Grunewaldt [sic], his wife Cathrina, and children (Johann Casper, age 24; Elisabeth, age 20; Dorothea, age 16; Casper, age 12) are recorded on the list of colonists being transported from St. Petersburg to Saratov in 1767.
Kaspar Grünewald, a farmer, his wife Anna Katharina, and children (Johann Kaspar, age 22; Anna Dorothea, age 17; Kaspar, age 13) are recorded on the 1767 census of Frank in Household No. 65. They had settled there in 1767.
Kaspar Grünewald (the older son) and his family are recorded on the 1798 census of Frank in Household No. Fk067. Son Kaspar (the younger son) and his family are recorded in Household No. Fk108.
Descendants of this Grünewald family are recorded on the 1834 census of Frank in Households No. 90, 164, 176, 234
The Oranienbaum passenger list records that Johann Kaspar Grünwald came from the German region of Darmstadt. The 1767 census records that he came from the German village of Feld in the Hessen-Darmstadt region.
(2) Johann Wilhelm Grunenwald [sic] from Felda near Ulrichstein & Anna Eliesabetha Schmidt from Bobenhausen were married on 8 April 1766 in the Lutheran Church of Büdingen.
Wilhelm Grünewald, a farmer, his wife Elisabeth, and children (Johann, age 20; Elisabeth, age 18; Georg, age 10; Friedrich, age 3) are recorded on an appendix to the 1767 census of Boisroux in Household No. 42.
Son Johannes Grünewald, his wife Christina, and their family are recorded on the 1798 census of Meinhard in Household No. Mn13.
Widow Anna Christina Grünewald and her family are recorded on the 1834 census of Meinhard in Household No. 80.
In 1786, Friedrich Grünewald moved from Meinhard to Shaffhausen.
Friedrich Grünewald from Meinhard and his family are recorded on the 1798 census of Schaffhausen in Household No. Sh28.
The death of Friedrich Grünewald in 1823 is recorded on the 1834 census of Schaffhausen in Household No. 87.
The 1767 census records that Wilhelm Grünewald came from the German region of Hessen.
- 1834 Frank Census (Households No. 90, 164, 176, 234).
- 1834 Meinhard Census (Household No. 80).
- 1834 Schaffhausen Census (Households No. 38, 56, 72, 82, 87).
- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Fk067, Fk108, Mn13, Sh28, Mv1658.
- Mai, Brent Alan and Dona Reeves-Marquardt, German Migration to the Russian Volga (1764-1767) (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2003): #499.
- Parish register of Groß-Felda.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 1 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 1999): 170, 429.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #6215.
- Rauschenbach, Georg. Deutsche Kolonisten auf dem Weg von St. Petersburg nach Saratow: Transportlisten von 1766-1767 (Moscow: G.V. Rauschenbach, 2017): #8191-8196.