Johann Peter Kraft, son of Johann Martin Kraft & Elisabeth Christina Schuchmann, was born 26 June 1746 in Nieder-Modau, just south of Ober-Ramstadt. He was the second youngest of 10 children.
Peter immigrated to Russia, arriving in Oranienbaum on 4 July 1766 aboard the ship Der Junge Heinrich under the command of skipper Henrich Niemann.
He settled in the Volga German colony of Straub on 12 July 1767 and is recorded there on the 1767 Census in Household No. 49 along with his new wife Maria Eva (age 19).
The 1767 census records that Peter Kraft came from the German village of Nieder-Mondau in the Darmstadt region.
- Kirschnick, Ulrich. Ortsfamilienbuch Ober-Ramstadt (online)
- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Sr27.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 4 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2008): 241.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #2080.