Mai / Maÿ (Holstein)

Spelling Variations: 
Mai (Holstein)
Maÿ (Holstein)
Май (Holstein)
May (Holstein)
Settled in the Following Colonies: 
Discussion & Documentation: 

Heinrich Michael Maÿ, son of Johann Nicolaus Maÿ & Anna Maria Göckel, was born in Spachbrücken on 13 December 1723. He married in Spachbrücken on 8 June 1745 to Maria Eva Wetzler, daughter of Martin & Maria Salome Wetzler. Heinrich Michael was killed when he fell off the back of a hay wagon on 1 October 1760 in Spachbrücken. His widow and children immigrated to Russia.

Along the way, two sons were married in the parish church in Büdingen where immigrant families were gathering before departing for Russia. The parish register records the marriages:

(1) Johann Peter Maÿ from Spachbrücken & Maria Walther from Spachbrücken married in Büdingen on 25 April 1766.

(2) Johann Georg Meÿ [sic] from Spachbrücken & Anna Christina Held from Georgenhausen in the area of Löwenstein-Werthheim married in Büdingen on 25 April 1766. Anna Christina Held, daughter of Johann Georg Held (died 2 February 1748) & Anna Margretha Ramge (12 October 1707 - 6 November 1766), was born 11 November 1741 in Georgenhausen.

Eva, her children, and their new spouses arrived from Lübeck at the port of Oranienbaum on 31 July 1766 aboard a Russian ship under the command of Lieutenant Samuel Gibbs.

They settled in the Volga German colony of Holstein on 7 July 1767 and are recorded there on the 1767 census in Households No. 40, 41, & 42. Descendants of this family resettled to the colony of Kratzke and then on to the daughter colonies of Ährenfeld and Eckheim.

A cousin of Heinrich Michael's father, Johann Georg Maÿ (born 17 July 1711 in Spachbrücken) also immigrated to Holstein with the other Maÿ families from Spachbrücken along with his second wife Maria Katharina Berg (born 5 January 1732) and his son by the first wife: Johann Adam (born 16 November 1753). They also settled in the Volga German colony of Holstein on 7 July 1767 and are recorded there on the 1767 census in Household No. 37.

A nephew of this Johann Georg Maÿ (by his sister Maria Dorothea) also immigrated with them and settled in Holstein: Johannes Buxbaum.       

Surname was spelled "Maÿ" in the German documents and appears to have been spelled that way in early Russian documents as well. At some point during the 1840s, the spelling changed to "Mai" for both those families that had immigrated to Russia and those that remained in Spachbrücken.

Johannes Mai, son of Johann Peter Mai, from Holstein is recorded on the 1811 census of Dietel in Household No. 60 along with a note that he had arrived in Dietel from Holstein in 1800.

Johannes Mai and his wife are recorded on the 1834 census of Dietel in Household No. 90.

Johannes Mai is recorded on the 1850 census of Dietel in Household No. 91.

The death of Johannes Mai in 1853 is recorded on the 1857 census of Dietel in Household No. 81. There are no known surviving male lines of this Johannes Mai among the Volga German colonies.

Johann Jakob Mai from Kratzke and his family are recorded on the 1857 census of Ährenfeld.

Sources: 

- 1811 Dietel Census (Household No. 60).
- 1834 Dietel Census (Household No. 90).
- 1850 Dietel Census (Household No. 91).
- 1857 Ährenfeld Census.
- 1857 Dietel Census (Household No. 81).
- Kohl, Gunnar and Helmut Ramge. Familienbuch Spachbrücken (Darmstadt: Deutsche Ortssippenbücher, 2001): 284.
- Mai, Brent Alan. 1798 Census of the German Colonies along the Volga (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 1999): Ho10, Ho12, Ho14, Ho30, Ho41.
- Mai, Brent Alan & Dona Reeves-Marquardt. German Migration to the Russian Volga (1764-1767): Origins and Destinations (Lincoln, NE: American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, 2003): #584, #586.
- Ortsfamilienbuch Spachbruecken [Online].
- Parish records of Spachbrücken (LDS Intl Film #1190550).
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 135-136.
- Pleve, Igor. Lists of Colonists to Russia in 1766: Reports by Ivan Kulberg (Saratov: Saratov State Technical University, 2010): #2850, #2852, #2854, #2855, #2856.

Contributor(s) to this page: 

Brent Mai

Maria Flekler Laufer

Related People: 
Immigrated to the following locations: 

Entry from the Oranienbaum passenger list recording Johann Mai and his family.
Source: Brent Mai.

Entry from the Oranienbaum passenger list recording additional Mai families (and the related Buxbaum family).
Source: Brent Mai.

Pre-Volga Origin

Volga Colonies

Immigration Locations