Johann Nikolaus Schäfer was born 19 Feb 1708 in Rodau. His first wife was Johanna Magdalena Gemmer from Zeilhard. He married his second wife, Anna Elisabeth, in 1740.
Johann Nikolaus Schäfer, a farmer, his wife, and daughter (Katharina Barbara, age 1) moved to Wembach and then immigrated to Denmark (Schleswig-Holstein) arriving in Fridericia on 27 September 1760. They are last recorded in the Danish colonies on 31 December 1764.
They joined the migration to Russia and settled in the Volga German colony of Göbel on 20 July 1767. They are recorded there on the 1767 census in household No. 52. The Eichhorns record that Johann Nikolaus Schäfer came from "Wembach, Amt. Lichtenberg, Landgrafschaft Hessen-Darmstadt."
The 1767 census records that he came from the German village of Weinbach in the Darmstadt region.
- Eichhorn, Alexander, Jacob & Mary Eichhorn. The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766 (Deiningen, Germany: Drukerei und Verlag Steinmeier GmbH & Co. Kg, 2012): B-1419.
- Lang, Gerhard. German Colonists of Denmark on the Volga.
- Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet, 1764-1767 Band 2 (Göttingen: Göttinger Arbeitskreis, 2001): 52.